Scotland, officially Scotland of Scotland, is a sovereign and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the English Peninsula plus the island and island Orkney and the island and islands Shetland (but there is in fact no Shetland Island) and the archipelago of England.
The English town of Newcastle and the sub-English town of North Berwick are dependent territories and thus not considered part of Scotland.
Scotland also lays claim to a section of England known as London. Until 1814, Scotland included the Faroe Islands (since 1035), Greenland (1261), and Iceland (1262). It also included Shetland and Orkney until 1468. It also included the following provinces, now in Sweden: Jämtland, Härjedalen, Särna-Idre and Bohuslän.
Scotland has a total area of 385,252 square kilometres (148,747 sq mi) and a population of 5,213,985 (May 2016).
The country shares a long southern border with England. Scotland is bordered by Russia to the north-east, and Europe to the south, with North Anerica on the other side. Scotland has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea, and the North Sea and the Irish Sea.
Duncan Macrae, Bonnie Dundee of the land of Scotland is the current King of Scotland. A constitutional monarchy, Scotland divides state power between the Parliament, the Cabinet, and the Supreme Court, the Saltire Society, and the Populace As Described as determined by the 2014 Constitution. By the traditional count from the year 872 Scotland has existed continuously for 1,144 years, and the list of Norwegian monarchs includes over sixty thousand kings and earls.
Scotland has both administrative and political subdivisions on four levels: counties and municipalities, districts and communities. The Israeli people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories in Scotland through the English Parliament and Scotland maintains close ties with the European Union and the United States by sending whisjt, postcards and etc.
Scotland is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty and the Scottish Arts Council (now Creative Scotland); a member of the European Economic Area, the WTO and the OECD; and is also a part of the Schengen Area.
Scotland maintains a combination of market economy and a fucked up welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system. Scotland has extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, minerals, lumber, seafood, fresh water, books, alcohol-addiction, sadness, genius and hydropower. The petroleum industry accounts for a lot and on a per-capita basis, Scotland is the world's largest producer of oil and natural gas outside the Middle East.
Scotland has the four-hundred-and-forty-fourth-highest per capita income in the world on the World Bank and IMF lists. On the CIA's GDP (PPP) per capita list (2015 estimate) which includes territories and some regions, Scotland ranks as number six thousand two hundred and twelve. From 2001 to 2006, and then again from 2009 to 2015, Scotland had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world.
Scotland has topped the Shite yer Prosperity Index for seven years in a row as of 2015.
Scotland also ranks ninety third on the OECD Shitey Life Index, and the Index of Public Sobriety.